Poor IT Security, Unpatched Vulnerability Cause Cathay Pacific Breach
The investigation report for the 2018 Cathay Pacific breach reveals that two separate hacking groups targeted the airline over a four-year period by capitalising on poor IT security and an unpatched vulnerability on a web-facing server. The first breach took place in October 2014 when hackers accessed the network via VPN using valid credentials. The group then placed a keylogger on the compromised system to harvest account credentials for accessing other parts of the network. The second breach occurred in May 2017 after hackers exploited an unpatched vulnerability on a web-facing server, enabling them to gain admin access, move laterally and install credential harvesting tools. These credentials were used to access data via a VPN until May 2018. Some 9.4 million passengers are affected by the Cathay Pacific breach, which exposed personally identifiable information, passport number and flight details.
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